The most dangerous international statements about the situation in Sudan came from the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, during a debate in the Security Council on the situation in Sudan, when he said: The situation in Sudan “continues to deteriorate, and the violence must stop, as it threatens a catastrophic fire inside Sudan may extend to the entire region and beyond, and confirmed that it is in constant contact with the parties to the conflict and calls on them to defuse tensions and return to the negotiating table.
The world is afraid of a catastrophe not only in Sudan, but also on the African and Asian levels, by virtue of Sudan’s location on both sides of the African and Asian continents. Perhaps the Saudi relief work and the transfer of nationals of 14 countries from Sudan to Jeddah is enough to understand the repercussions of that war.
The question now is, where are things heading, and how will the conflict end in light of the United Nations’ call for negotiation between the two sides of the war, and are we facing an open wound on the African continent, or is a sudden shift that may change the rules of war?
Since the overthrow of former President Omar al-Bashir, Sudan has not witnessed stability, and it has been simmering at the popular and military level under the Sovereignty Council, which took over the rule of the country jointly between General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and General Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo (Hamidti), but things got out of control as a result of the hidden differences between the two men. As each party wants Sudan in its own way, and this is what resulted in a bloody armed clash, which may develop in the coming days into a long-term war project.
Hamidti believes that what happened in 2021, by removing the joint government between the military and civilians, was a mistake and tried to present himself and the Rapid Support Forces as standing by the people against the ruling elite in Khartoum, and considered that the overthrow of Abdullah Hamdok’s government is the prelude to what the country has reached before the outbreak of recent confrontations. .
Hemedti’s justifications for what happened in Sudan after April 15, that the country did not witness stability and that Sudan will remain a prisoner of tensions, and therefore the course must be corrected through the military gate. As for Al-Burhan, he believes that the army will hand over power completely, but only to an elected government, marginalizing the civilian representatives who are expected to be part of the power-sharing agreement.
Last April 9, before the outbreak of confrontations between the Sudanese army and the Rapid Support Forces, Al-Burhan said during an iftar banquet in the presence of the political and civil forces: “The delay in the political agreement is caused by differences with the Rapid Support Forces in some issues of security and military reform,” and this is considered the root of the dispute also in the case After agreeing to merge his forces with the Sudanese army, Hamidti disagreed with the leadership of these forces, and the army stipulated that these forces be at its disposal only, and it seems that Hamidti felt that he was out of the balance of power. Al-Burhan’s attempt was vigorous to hand over power to civilians, and at one point he suggested that everyone step down from his political and military position and move to a new Sudan.
The irony is that both sides repeat the same hadith about the necessity of handing over power to civilians and correcting the political path in Sudan. Despite all these allegations, the country fell into a civil war, this time headed by two generals. It is a civil war of a new kind.
Despite all the intentions, whether apparent or hidden, the armed clash that took place between the two parties blew up the complete confidence of the Sudanese people in the intentions of the two men, especially since the people, parties and civil currents were out of the game, and the game became between the military only who will decide the fate of the country. .
It is unfortunate that all international and regional initiatives do not find an echo in the minds of the two generals, because each of them is delusional of victory, and until Hamidati and Al-Burhan discover these illusions, Sudan will pay dearly unless this war stops.
There is no doubt that the two warring generals are looking forward to victory, each in his own way, but these dreams have a great cost to the Sudanese people and the entire region, because victory for any party is a loss for Sudan and a loss for security and stability. History did not write that one general defeated the other and the conflict ended, but It will be renewed at a suitable time, because defeat does not end in the Arab world, and no one accepts it, even if it actually occurred!
Al-Bashir tried to abolish southern Sudan, and a long civil war broke out that ended with the Naivasha Peace Agreement. This war cost Sudan one million nine hundred thousand dead and the displacement of nearly 4 million others, and neither party achieved its goals, except for the destruction of Sudan from its north to its south, and peace triumphed at the expense of the war.