The flaring Sudanese crisis, since last April 15, has become open to all possibilities, especially in light of the continuation of the war between the two military components. The army forces, led by Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and the Rapid Support Forces, led by Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo, “Hemedti.”
And with the inability of either side to resolve the battle in its favor so far, and the ongoing fighting has spread to the Darfur region, which threatens the outbreak of a fierce war in the region, and a return once again to the civil war, which has already claimed the lives of about 300,000 people and displaced millions.
The call of the leaders of the seven largest Arab tribes in the western region of Sudan, for their tribesmen to join that war, constitutes a dangerous stage indicating that Sudan is passing through a turning point that threatens to divide it and ignite a wide civil war, especially after those calls were answered.
In this context, the Sudanese researcher at the Al-Ahram Studies Center in Cairo, Salah Khalil, warned that the conflict had entered a more dangerous phase after it was initially confined to the capital. Arab countries for committing serious crimes and violations that amounted to murder, rape, looting, burning property, assassinating regional leaders, executing civilians, and other crimes, which threatens to return the region to what happened in 2003.
Khalil attributed his fears of the danger of confrontations in Darfur to external tribal interventions with a number of neighboring countries, especially Libya, South Sudan, Chad and Central Africa, which makes the region a difficult figure in any conflict in Sudan, or in the region in general due to its difficult tribal and ethnic composition, as well as Its resources and open borders, which ultimately leads to fueling internal or cross-border conflicts, as well as growing fears of the phenomenon of illegal arms smuggling, in light of the problems of border security.
The Sudanese researcher said that the crisis began in mid-April after the Rapid Support Forces refused to merge with the army forces. This led to the outbreak of war as a result of the RSF’s attempts to seize power by force, which the army faced as a “rebellion.” Fighting broke out between the two sides and reached the vicinity of the General Command, Khartoum International Airport, and other scattered military sites around the capital, and the support forces tried to control some of them. important military sites.
And he considered that, according to the constitution, what the army forces had done as a regular military force authorized to protect the country is legitimate, unlike the Rapid Support Forces, which are made up of mercenaries and irregular elements, united by tribal affiliations, and some of its formations are from neighboring countries of Sudan; Particularly from the Darfur tribes extending to neighboring countries, stressing that what is happening now is an attempt by the fighting parties to control the capital to impose a new legitimacy. He pointed out that over the past months, a relative superiority of the Sudanese army has emerged due to two tracks; The first is tactical, after it destroyed all the bases and headquarters of the Rapid Support Forces around Khartoum, and cut off the logistical supply routes. The second is strategic, by not cutting off the internet and luring the Rapid Support Forces coming from Darfur, Central Africa and Libya, and destroying their convoys that were on their way to provide support, and thus they lost many of their mercenary fighters, and started fighting from inside residential neighborhoods and using civilians as human shields, and the army became in control of large parts of Khartoum.
African tribes support the armed forces
The Sudanese researcher revealed that the majority of African tribes stand by the armed forces, attributing this to many considerations related to their position on the RSF in the period from 2003 to 2009, when massacres and violations were committed against African tribes, but there are Arab tribes and part of the ethnic components. It supports the Rapid Support, due to the presence of a large percentage of their sons in its ranks, but to a greater extent than most other tribes; Whether it is African or Arab, it does not support the rapid support, but the Darfur region, in view of its conflicting components, open borders, and external intrusions into it by neighboring countries, is still an important background arena affecting the conflict, and there is a network run by regional and international powers that have their own agendas in Sudan. It works to support the Rapid Support Forces with weapons and mercenaries, which contributed to fueling conflicts and tensions in Darfur, in light of the great security vacuum in which the five states of Darfur live, paving the way for a wide war in the region, in addition to escalating fears of a bitter civil war. Others, settling scores accumulated between the tribes.